Posts by: Scott Buxton

Scott Buxton

Scott is editor of Physiospot so expect to see his work popping up frequently. Away from the keyboard he is a physiotherapist specialising in geriatrics.

Recently published posts by Scott Buxton:

Comparison of a Vibrating Foam Roller vs Non-vibrating Foam Roller on Knee Range of Motion and Pressure Pain Threshold Comparison of a Vibrating Foam Roller vs Non-vibrating Foam...

The use of foam rollers to provide soft-tissue massage has become a common intervention among health and fitness professionals. Recently, manufacturers have merged the science of vibration therapy and foam rolling with the development of [Read More...]

Training peers to support older people with chronic low back pain following physiotherapy discharge Training peers to support older people with chronic low back...

The objective of this article was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a training programme for peer volunteers to support older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) following discharge from physiotherapy. 17 adults (4 [Read More...]

PUREAIR protocol: RCT of pulmonary rehabilitation vs standard care in patients undergoing resection for lung cancer. PUREAIR protocol: RCT of pulmonary rehabilitation vs standard...

Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer. Surgery is proven to be the most effective treatment in early stages, despite its potential impact on quality of life. Pulmonary rehabilitation, either before or after [Read More...]

Ventilatory Efficiency in Children and Adolescents Born Extremely Preterm. Ventilatory Efficiency in Children and Adolescents Born...

Children and adolescents born extremely preterm (EP) have lower dynamic lung volumes and gas transfer capacity than subjects born at term. Most studies also report lower aerobic capacity. We hypothesized that ventilatory efficiency was [Read More...]

Influence of gender on muscle fatigue during dynamic knee contractions. Influence of gender on muscle fatigue during dynamic knee...

The purpose was to compare quadriceps muscle fatigue and change in surface electromyogram (sEMG) spectral power, muscle thickness, and peak torque (normalized by body weight) in men and women during isokinetic knee contractions. Nineteen [Read More...]

Evaluation of Skeletal Muscle Function in Lung Transplant Candidates. Evaluation of Skeletal Muscle Function in Lung Transplant...

Lung transplantation (LTx) is offered to older and more complex patients who may be at higher risk of skeletal muscle dysfunction, but the clinical implications of this remain uncertain. The study aims were to characterize deficits in [Read More...]

Effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in lung transplant candidates: a systematic review. Effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in lung transplant...

The aim of this systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and quasi-experimental and retrospective studies is to investigate the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with advanced chronic disease on the [Read More...]

The efficacy and feasibility of aquatic physiotherapy for people with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review. The efficacy and feasibility of aquatic physiotherapy for people...

The aim of this study was to critically evaluate the literature regarding the efficacy and feasibility of aquatic physiotherapy in people with Parkinson's disease. Relevant studies were identified through searches in nine health-related [Read More...]

Effects of nutrition and physical exercise intervention in palliative cancer patients: A randomized controlled trial. Effects of nutrition and physical exercise intervention in...

Cancer cachexia is multifactorial and should be targeted using a multimodal form of intervention. The purpose of the present trial was to test the effects of a combined nutrition and physical exercise program on cancer patients with [Read More...]

Active Play in After-school Programmes: development of a RCT assessing physical activity in after-school programmes. Active Play in After-school Programmes: development of a RCT...

Interventions delivered in after-school programmes (ASPs) have the potential to become a means of ensuring adequate physical activity among schoolchildren. This requires a motivational climate, allowing for self-determined play. If [Read More...]

Diagnosis of Upper-Quadrant Lymphedema Secondary to Cancer: Clinical Guideline From the Oncology Section of APTA Diagnosis of Upper-Quadrant Lymphedema Secondary to Cancer:...

The Oncology Section of APTA developed a clinical practice guideline to aid the clinician in diagnosing secondary upper-quadrant cancer-related lymphedema. Following a systematic review of published studies and a structured appraisal [Read More...]

Risk factors of pain in breast cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Risk factors of pain in breast cancer survivors: a systematic...

Breast cancer remains the number 1 lethal malignancy in women. With rising incidence and decreased mortality, the number of breast cancer survivors has increased. Consequently, sequelae, such as pain, are becoming more important. The [Read More...]

Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in COPD Patients Receiving Long-Term Oxygen Therapy. Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in COPD Patients...

It has been demonstrated that long-term oxygen therapy increased exercise capacity, improved the quality of life, reduced hospitalization, and increased life expectancy in chronic hypoxemic COPD patients. The present study aims to evaluate [Read More...]

Interview: Jacqueline Reznik & Joanne Morris Interview: Jacqueline Reznik & Joanne Morris...

This post includes two interviews about pharmacology and physiotherapy practice. This is a hot topic at the moment and we hope these interview help you understand why. Jacqueline Reznik is co-author of the recently published [Read More...]

Older adults must hurry at pedestrian lights! Analysis of preferred & fast walking speed under single & dual tasking Older adults must hurry at pedestrian lights! Analysis of...

Slow walking speed is strongly associated with adverse health outcomes, including cognitive impairment, in the older population. Moreover, adequate walking speed is crucial to maintain older pedestrians’ mobility and safety in urban areas. [Read More...]

Cardiovascular Responses to Stretching: "Stretching" the Truth or a New Exercise Paradigm for Cardiovascular Medicine? Cardiovascular Responses to Stretching: “Stretching”...

Stretching is commonly prescribed with the intended purpose of increasing range of motion, enhancing muscular coordination, and preventing prolonged immobilization induced by aging or a sedentary lifestyle. Emerging evidence suggests that [Read More...]

Mechanisms of chronic pain - key considerations for appropriate physical therapy management. Mechanisms of chronic pain – key considerations for...

In last decades, knowledge of nociceptive pain mechanisms has expanded rapidly. The use of quantitative sensory testing has provided evidence that peripheral and central sensitization mechanisms play a relevant role in localized and [Read More...]

Physical activity and healthy ageing: A systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal cohort studies. Physical activity and healthy ageing: A systematic review and...

Older people constitute a significant proportion of the total population and their number is projected to increase by more than half by 2030. This increasing probability of late survival comes with considerable individual, economic and [Read More...]

Non-operative management of distal humerus fractures in the elderly: a review of functional outcomes. Non-operative management of distal humerus fractures in the...

Comminuted distal humerus fractures in the elderly have traditionally been managed by ORIF or total elbow arthroplasty (TEA). This poses a treatment dilemma in elderly patients where anaesthetic and surgical risks combine with poor bone [Read More...]

The efficacy of treadmill training on balance dysfunction in individuals with chronic stroke: a systematic review. The efficacy of treadmill training on balance dysfunction in...

Physical activity and exercise interventions are useful in facilitating the functional recovery of those with chronic stroke and, routinely, are gait-specific. While treadmill training has proven useful in gait performance recovery [Read More...]