Anxiety and depression are common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), occurring more frequently than in the general population or patients with other chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, cancer, or musculoskeletal disorders. Their presence is associated with worse outcomes of COPD, and increased morbidity, mortality, disability, and health care expenditure. In spite of this, both anxiety and depression are frequently overlooked and undertreated in patients with COPD, and symptoms of anxiety and depression can overlap significantly, as well as overlap with COPD symptoms.
Pharmacology and Physiotherapy
This online course will review the effects, side effects, potential drug interactions and how these will influence ideal physical therapy management with a specific focus on antidepressants and exercise.