Post-thrombotic syndrome frequently affects patients following deep vein thrombosis. The clinical signs and symptoms of post-thrombotic syndrome reflect the underlying pathophysiology of venous obstruction, venous reflux as well as acute and chronic inflammation. Patients with post-thrombotic syndrome are at risk for long-term consequences including decreased quality of life, lost work productivity, and increased health expenditures. Unfortunately, despite recognition of pathophysiology and the clinical, physical, and economic impact of PTS, there have been few advances in prevention. PTS continues to be a frustrating condition to both prevent and manage. Preventing post-thrombotic syndrome begins with preventing deep vein thrombosis. In the setting of acute deep vein thrombosis-using available medical therapies to prevent the development of post-thrombotic syndrome is imperative. Patients should be provided optimal medical therapy with anticoagulation, maintaining therapeutic anticoagulation as much of the time as possible. Use of compression stockings, while contentious, are a low risk intervention which may provide benefit and are unlikely to be associated with harm.
In the appropriate patient, considering endovenous procedures to decrease the thrombus burden and provide optimal preservation of venous valve function may be warranted.