This study investigated the sequential physical changes after botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injected in children with cerebral palsy.
Nine children with cerebral palsy were included. Measurements were performed before treatment and 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 12 weeks after treatment. We used video-recorded gait in the sagittal plane. The maximum flexion and extension angles of the hip, knee and ankle joints, step length, gait speed, and observational gait were measured using the Foot Contact Scale (FCS) and the Physician’s Rating Scale (PRS). We also measured the lower limb range of motion (ROM), Modified Tardieu Scale (MTS), knee joint extension torque, and Gross Motor Function Measure-66 (GMFM-66).
The ankle dorsiflexion ROM, GMFM-66, and the maximum dorsiflexion angle of the ankle during gait were significantly increased at 8 weeks after treatment, and knee joint extension torque was significantly increased at 12 weeks after treatment.
Maximum effects of BTX-A treatment do not occur during the early stage after treatment. Therefore, long-term intervention with rehabilitation between BTX-A treatment may be more effective than implementing rehabilitation for only a brief period.