Effects of seated lumbar extension postures on spinal height and lumbar range of motion during prolonged sitting.

Extended periods of sitting during sedentary work has been reported as a possible risk factor for low back pain. Furthermore, prolonged sitting can result in both reduced spinal height (SH) and lumbar range of motion (LROM). This study compared the effects of no intervention (control) with two recovery postures on SH and LROM (flexion and extension) during prolonged sitting. Twenty-four participants were placed at random in to three interventions for three consecutive days. The interventions comprised two seated lumbar extension recovery postures (unsupported sustained and supported dynamic lumbar extension postures) and a control. Both interventions facilitated a relatively short recovery period for both SH and LROM. Supported dynamic lumbar extension conditions significantly helped SH recovery, as compared with control condition, after the first recovery posture intervention, and both postures have potential to maintain LROM. However, both postures failed to result in SH recovery over an extended time.