Physiotherapy for women with stress urinary incontinence

This review article is intended to introduce physiotherapists to a physiotherapy assessment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and the treatment and possibly preventive roles that they might play for women with SUI. Specifically, the objective of this article is to provide an understanding of pelvic floor muscle function and the implications that this function has for physiotherapy treatment by reviewing articles published in this area. A range of databases was searched to identify articles that address physiotherapy for SUI, including the Cochrane Library, Medline, and CINAHL. According to the articles identified in the databases research, greater improvements in SUI take place when a supervised exercise program of no fewer than three months is administered to a woman. The effectiveness of physiotherapy treatment is increased if the exercise program is based on some principles, such as intensity, duration, resembling functional task, and the position in which the exercise for pelvic floor muscles is performed. Biofeedback and electrical stimulation may also be clinically useful and acceptable modalities for some women with SUI.

The study concluded that the plan for physiotherapy care ought to be tailored for each patient and include standard physiotherapy interventions.