Noninvasive Treatments for Pediatric Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

This is a review of contemporary literature of noninvasive treatments for pediatric complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). There are a number of noninvasive approaches to the treatment of pain, but few pediatric-focused studies have been published in regard to CRPS. In comparison with adult CRPS, there is more of a need for behavioral approaches in children to facilitate coping with difficult symptoms. Current gaps in knowledge include mechanisms triggering CRPS, pediatric-focused diagnostic criteria, validated tests that are diagnostically specific, definitive treatment protocols, age-based medication recommendations, and validation of specific noninvasive treatments in pediatric populations. Intensive multidisciplinary treatment is supported by high recovery rates and a family-centered approach that makes possible continuation of goals into the community environment.