Determining the pain-affecting factors of university students with nonspecific low back pain

This study, which was conducted on university students with nonspecific low back pain, aimed to determine the independent variables that affect their pain. A total of 514 students were included in this study. Pain was evaluated using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). A special form was prepared in order to evaluate the following independent variables: gender, weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), working periods sitting straight (television, computer, seminar, etc.), working periods bending at a table (reading, writing, etc.), using lumbar support while sitting, the mean duration of pain within the last one year, type of pain, time of the pain, faculty, class, physical activity habits and smoking. The collected data were evaluated using the CHAID (Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detection) analysis method. The working hours bending at a table, physical activity, height, weight, BMI and educational departments were not found to affect the severity of the pain. The pain severity was affected by the duration of pain complaints within the last one year, the duration of working staying upright, smoking, classes, usage of lumbar support and age variables.

This study’s findings showed that nonspecific low back pain of university students is affected by many factors such as smoking, class, age, using a computer and lumbar support.