The objective of this study was therefore to systematically review the evidence for the effect of exercise on lower limb haemodynamic measures of resting and post-exercise ankle brachial index (ABI), resting toe pressure, and resting and reactive hyperaemic calf blood flow in PAD. Eligible studies included randomized controlled trials using an exercise intervention for the treatment of intermittent claudication with haemodynamic measures of disease severity as outcomes. Thirty-three trials including 1237 subjects with mild to moderate claudication met the eligibility criteria. Exercise did not significantly change lower extremity haemodynamics in most trials; nor were clinical improvements related to changes in resting ABI, post-exercise ABI or reactive hyperaemic calf blood flow. A relationship may exist between a change in symptoms and changes in resting toe pressureÂ and resting calf blood flow.
Changes in resting and post-exercise ABI and reactive hyperaemic calf blood flow do not appear to explain the clinical benefits of exercise in PAD. More study is required in the areas of resting toe pressure and resting calf blood flow.
Parmenter, Belinda J; Raymond, Jacqueline; Singh, Maria A. Fiatarone. The Effect of Exercise on Haemodynamics in Intermittent Claudication: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Sports Medicine, Volume 40, Number 5, 1 May 2010 , pp. 433-447(15)