The objective of this study was to evaluate baseline characteristics and in-hospital factors associated with nonadherence with an immediate weight-bearing and early ambulation (IWB-EA) program after hip fracture (HF) surgery. Participants who were older adults (N=469) admitted with an osteoporotic HF and underwent surgery underwent immediate weight-bearing and assisted ambulation training on the first postoperative day. A total of 366 patients (78%) bore weight and ambulated within 48 hours (weight-bearing [WB] group) while the others did not adhere to the protocol (nonweight-bearing [NWB] group). Subjects in the NWB group were significantly older, were more cognitively and functionally impaired, and presented a higher comorbidity at baseline. A higher proportion of subjects in the NWB group (42.7%) than the WB group underwent surgery on a preholiday day. In multivariate analysis, having surgery on Friday or a preholiday day (the day before a public holiday) remained the most influent variable related to nonadherence to the IWB-EA protocol.
This study establishes that IWB-EA is feasible in a high proportion of patients after surgical stabilization of HF. Neither cognitive impairment nor high comorbidity influenced significantly the adherence to the protocol, indicating that IWB-EA may be offered to an unselected population of the elderly with HF. The day of surgery (eg, preholiday or not) was the only variable influencing the participation to the IWB-EA protocol, suggesting the importance of maintaining the same standard of daytime care every day of the week.
Barone A, Giusti A, Pizzonia M, Razzano M, Oliveri M, Palummeri E, Pioli G. Factors associated with an immediate weight-bearing and early ambulation program for older adults after hip fracture repair. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009 Sep;90(9):1495-8