The immediate effects of mobilization technique on pain and range of motion in patients presenting with unilateral neck pain: a randomized controlled trial.

Kanlayanaphotporn R, Chiradejnant A, Vachalathiti R.

The objective of this study was to determine the immediate effects on both pain and active range of motion (ROM) of the unilateral posteroanterior (PA) mobilization technique on the painful side in mechanical neck pain patients presenting with unilateral symptoms. 60 patients were randomly allocated into either preferred or random mobilization group. The first therapist performed the screening, assessing, prescribing the spinal level(s), and the grade of mobilization. The second therapist performed the mobilization treatment according to their allocated group stated in an envelope. The assessor who was blind to the group allocation conducted the measurements of pain and active cervical. After mobilization, there were no apparent differences in pain and active cervical ROM between groups. However, within-group changes showed significant decreases in neck pain at rest and pain on most painful movement with a significant increase in active cervical ROM after mobilization on most painful movement.

The results of this study did not provide support for the preference of the unilateral PA mobilization on the painful side to the random mobilization.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009, 90(2), 187-92.

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