Clinimetric evaluation of methods to measure muscle functioning in patients with non-specific neck pain: a systematic review.

Chantal H.P. de Koning, Sylvia P. Van den heuvel, J. Bart Staal, Bouwien C.M. Smits-Engelsman and Erik J.M. Hendriks

This article provides a critical analysis of the research literature on the clinimetric properties of tests to measure neck muscle strength or endurance in patients with non-specific neck pain, which can be used in daily practice. The search identified a total of 16 studies. The instruments or tests included were: muscle endurance tests for short neck flexors, craniocervical flexion test with an inflatable pressure biofeedback unit, manual muscle testing of neck musculature, dynamometry and functional lifting tests (the cervical progressive iso-inertial lifting evaluation (PILE) test and the timed weighted overhead test).

The endurance test of the short neck flexors and the cervical PILE test can be regarded as appropriate instruments for measuring different aspects of neck muscle function in patients with non-specific neck pain.

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 2008, 9, 142

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