Sutlive TG, Lopez HP, Schnitker DE, Yawn SE, Halle RJ, Mansfield LT, Boyles RE, Childs JD
The objevtive of this studywas to determine the diagnostic accuracy of common clinical examination items and to construct a preliminary clinical prediction rule for diagnosing hip osteoarthritis (OA) in individuals with unilateral hip pain. 72 subjects received a standardized history, physical examination, and standing AP radiograph of the pelvis to assess for OA. Twenty-one of the 72 subjects had radiographic evidence of hip OA. A clinical prediction rule consisting of 5 examination variables was identified. If at least 4 of 5 variables were present, the positive LR was equal to 24.3, increasing the probability of hip OA to 91%.
The preliminary clinical prediction rule provides the ability to a priori identify patients with hip pain who are likely to have hip OA. A validation study should be done before the rule can be implemented in routine clinical practice.
Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 2008, 38(9), 542-50