Do psychosocial factors predict disability and health at a 3-year follow-up for patients with non-acute musculoskeletal pain? A validation of the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire

A. Westman, S.J. Linton, J. Öhrvik, P. Wahlén and J. Leppert 

The aim of this study was to validate the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (ÖMPSQ) for patients with non-acute pain problems and compare to other relevant questionnaires.  One hundred and fifty-eight patients with musculoskeletal pain and disability recruited to a multidisciplinary rehabilitation project completed a battery of questionnaires at baseline and at 3-year follow-up visits. The main analysis involved the relationship between risk levels in the questionnaire and sick leave and perceived health after 3 years.  The ÖMSPQ predicted future sick leave and health and was found to have six factors. The function and pain factors were the best predictors of sick leave after 3 years, while the distress factor was the best predictor of perceived mental health and return to work-expectancy was borderline significant. Perceived physical health at 3 years was best predicted by the function and pain factors with the fear-avoidance factor being marginally significant.

Psychosocial factors as measured by ÖMPSQ are related to work disability and perceived health even 3 years after treatment for patients with non-acute pain problems. The ÖMSPQ was a good predictor of outcome.

European Journal of Pain, 2008, 12(5), 641-649

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