Effects of Exercise on the Improvement of the Physical Functions of the Elderly

Hara T, Shimada T

Objective: clarify the effects of exercise on improving physical function in the elderly.

Method: 44 participants (mean age 84) were randomised into a treatment or control group. The training exercises of the treatment group were standing up from a chair and raising arms (holding onto bottles), 2 or 3 times a week for 6 months.

Results: in the treatment group increased mean values were found for upper and lower limb strength, grip strength, thigh circumference, timed up and go test, functional reach test and time taken to walk 10m.

Conclusion: results suggest continuation of light load exercise is effective for the elderly to keep and improve their physical function.

Journal of Physical Therapy Science 2007, 19 (1): 15-26

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