Osteoporosis (OP) is a serious skeletal disease causing an increase in morbidity and mortality through its association with age-related fractures. Attempts to reduce pathological fractures have focused on retarding the rate of age-related bone loss and reducing trauma among the elderly. There has also been considerable emphasis on the prevention of OP through the optimisation of peak bone mass during childhood and adolescence. This review article focuses solely on the effects of physical activity and exercise providing a summary of current knowledge on the interplay between activity, exercise and bone mass development during growth.
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2007), 6, 305-312