D. Cattaneo, J. Jonsdottir, M. Zocchi, A. Regola
The aim of the randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of balance retraining in a sample of people with multiple sclerosis. Forty four subjects were randomized into two experimental groups and one control group. The inclusion criteria were: ability to stand independently more than 30 seconds and ability to walk for 6 m. Group 1 received balance rehabilitation to improve motor and sensory strategies. Group 2 received balance rehabilitation to improve motor strategy. Group 3 received treatments not specifically aimed at improving balance. The Berg Balance Scale, Dynamic Gait Index and fall frequency were used to assess balance impairments. Dizziness Handicap Inventory and Activities-specific Balance Confidence were used to assess handicap and the level of balance confidence. The authors concluded that balance rehabilitation appeared to be a useful tool in reducing the fall rate and improving balance skills in subjects with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Rehabilitation (2007), 21 (9), 771-781