Cortical activation changes induced by visual biofeedback tracking training in chronic stroke patients

S.H. Cho, H.K. Shin, Y.H. Kwon, M.Y. Lee, Y.H. Lee, C.H. Lee, D.S. Yang, S.H. Jang

The purpose of the study was to examine whether visual biofeedback tracking training (VBTT) could improve both the gait performance and cortical activation pattern in chronic stroke patients. Ten chronic hemiparetic patients were randomly assigned to the training group (5 patients) or the control group (5 patients). VBTT was to follow the PC-generated sine waves with the knee joint electrogoniometer; the two sine waves should appear as close to overlapping as possible on the PC monitor. The training was performed for 39 minutes a day, 5 days a week, for 4 weeks. Pre-training and post-training accuracy of tracking, functional status of gait, and functional MRI (fMRI) were measured. The authors found that the accuracy of the tracking performance, walking speed, and motor scale for gait improved in the training group. Primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1) cortical activation shifted significantly from the unaffected to the affected hemisphere in the training group. The authors concluded that cortical activation changes occurred with gait function improvement in chronic stroke patients throughout the 4-week VBTT programme.

Neuro Rehabilitation, 2007, 22(2), 77-84

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