Rehabilitation of Achilles and patellar tendinopathies

Alex Kountouris and Jill Cook

This article discusses the rehabilitation of achilles and patellar tendinopathies.  Achilles and patellar tendinopathies affect a broad range of the population and are difficult conditions to manage clinically. The pathology is persistent in the chronic tendon and can be considered to be failed healing. The exact cause of tendinopathy pain is unclear but may be related to changes in neurovascular structures.  Rehabilitation for Achilles and patellar tendinopathies is based on an exercise programme that aims to improve muscle–tendon function and normalise the pelvic/lower limb kinetic chain. This incorporates a programme for restoring and improving muscle strength, endurance and power and retraining sport-specific function.  Rehabilitation may take a prolonged period of time, both the athlete and clinician must be patient and persistent to maximise results from an exercise-based treatment.

Best Practice & Research Clinical Rheumatology, 2007, 21(2), 295-319.

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