Feasibility of further motor recovery in patients undergoing physiotherapy more than 6 months after severe traumatic brain injury: an updated literature review

Watson, Martin J.

The aim of this updated literature review was to evaluate the extent to which adults are documented as being capable of further motor recovery more than 6 months after a severe traumatic brain injury. This topic has high potential relevance for neurological physiotherapists, some of whom may be tasked with implementing physical treatment programmes for this challenging patient group. A revised search of relevant databases was carried out, using the previous review as a starting point. A further 10 papers were identified, extending the original total to 18 published studies. Of the 18 papers, 13 were single-case studies, with 5 being reports of subject groups (8-80 subjects; median, 20 subjects). Recovery was documented as occurring over periods which extended up to 180 months' post-injury, though more reports fell within the 60 months' post-injury period. Evidence supporting the hypothesis that subjects are readily capable of continuing and/or further change was not overwhelming; reasons for this are discussed.

Physical Therapy Reviews, 2007, 12(1), 21-32.

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