Eric J. Strauss, Charbel Ishak, Laith Jazrawi, Orrin Sherman and Jeffrey Rosen
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively review the clinical outcome and incidence of post-operative complications after open end-to-end repair of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. Seventy consecutive patients operated on between 1989 and 2002 were identified for inclusion in this investigation. At a mean post-operative follow up of 45 months, 96% of cases achieved an overall Boyden outcome score of good to excellent. The mean AOFAS ankleâ€“hindfoot score was 96, with 74% of cases scoring greater than 90. Forty-two cases (78%) reported no pain and 40 cases (74%) reported no activity limitations. Fourteen post-operative complications were identified after 83 open Achilles tendon repairs, resulting in an institutional complication rate of 16.8%. The complications included four superficial wound infections, five deep wound infections requiring irrigation and debridement, one heel ulcer secondary to post-operative boot wear, three partial Achilles tendon re-ruptures, and one complete Achilles tendon re-rupture. The authors suggest that the results demonstrate that open end-to-end repair of acute Achilles tendon ruptures provides long-term functional outcomes with consistent good to excellent results. However, this high clinical success rate was associated with a relatively high incidence of post-operative complications. With careful attention to the surgical wound and patient adherence to post-operative rehabilitation protocols, operative repair of acute Achilles tendon ruptures is a reliable treatment for active patients.
Injury, 2007, 38(7),