Complex regional pain syndrome with special emphasis on the knee

G. S. E. Dowd, MD, MCh(Orth), FRCS; R. Hussein, MSc, FRCS G, FRCS ; V. Khanduja, MRCS, MSc, FRCS; and A. J. Ordman, FRCA

Complex regional pain syndrome is characterised by an exaggerated response to injury in a limb with intense prolonged pain, vasomotor disturbance, delayed functional recovery and trophic changes. This review describes the current knowledge of the condition and outlines the methods of treatment available with particular emphasis on the knee.

Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery – British Volume, Vol 89-B, Issue 3, 285-290.

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Targeted hip and knee strengthening

A short online course by Lee Herrington covering the principles of muscle reloading and strengthening for lower limb following injury.