What is Intervertebral Disc Degeneration, and What Causes It?

Adams, Michael A. PhD; Roughley, Peter J. PhD

This article is a comprehensive review and reinterpretation of existing literature to suggest how intervertebral disc degeneration might be distinguished from the physiologic processes of growth, aging, healing, and adaptive remodeling.

Spine.    31(18):2151-2161, August 15, 2006.

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