Shoulder muscle EMG activity during push up variations on and off a Swiss ball

Gregory J Lehman, Brandon MacMillan, Ian MacIntyre, Michael Chivers, Mark Fluter

The aim of the current study was to determine if performing upper body closed kinetic chain exercises on a labile surface (Swiss ball) influences myoelectric amplitude when compared with a stable surface.  The article concludes that muscle activity can be influenced by the addition of surface instability however an increase in muscle activity does not influence all muscles in all conditions. The relationship between the participant's center of mass, the location of the unstable surface and the body part contacting the Swiss ball may be important factors in determining the muscle activation changes following changes in surface stability.

Dynamic Medicine, 2006, 5:7, online

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