The objective of this study was to investigate whether amateur golfers with self-reported low back pain have reduced hip rotation compared to asymptomatic controls. On initial contact, all participants completed a screening questionnaire used to allocate participants into LBP (n = 28) and control groups (n = 36). LBP group were found to be heavier than controls but were matched for age, height, handedness, handicap, rounds played per week and years of play. Primary outcome measures were lead and non-lead hip medial and lateral rotation in 0Â° of flexion as measured by inclinometer. Secondary measures included inter and intra-rater reliability. The LBP group had significantly reduced lead hip passive and lead hip active medial rotation compared to controls. No between group differences were found in non-lead hips or any passive or active lateral rotation measures.
Although there is lack of causality between LBP and hip rotation, the deficit in lead leg medial hip rotation in amateur golfers who suffer LBP may be relevant for screening or treatment selection.
Eoghan Murray, Emma Birley, Richard Twycross-Lewis and Dylan Morrisse. The relationship between hip rotation range of movement and low back pain prevalence in amateur golfers: An observational study. Physical Therapy in Sport, 9 October 2009, online article ahead of print