The integrated continence system: A manual therapy approach to the treatment of stress urinary incontinence

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) constitutes a large-scale public health concern. The integrated continence system (ICS) developed by the authors is an evidence-based model that demonstrates how urinary incontinence is maintained through the interaction of three structural systems (intrinsic urethral closure, urethral support and lumbopelvic stability) and three modifiable factors (motor control, musculoskeletal and behavioural). The purpose of the ICS is first, to demonstrate the important role that manual physiotherapists can play in the treatment of SUI and second, to guide clinical practice decisions in order to improve clinical outcomes among women with SUI.

Manual Therapy, 2008, 13(5),  375-386

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