A systematic review was conducted to determine:Â the incidence of dysphagia following endotracheal intubation,Â the association between dysphagia and intubation time, andÂ patient characteristics associated with dysphagia.Â Fourteen articlesÂ met the Â inclusion criteria for the review. The studies were heterogeneous in design, swallowing assessment, and study outcome.Â Dysphagia frequency ranged from 3% to 62% and intubation duration from 124.8 to 346.6 mean hours. The highest dysphagia frequenciesÂ occurred following prolonged intubation and included patients across all diagnostic subtypes. All studies reviewed were limited by design and risk of bias andÂ overall quality of the evidence was very low.
Knee Assessment and Hip Mechanics
Learn how how faulty hip and pelvis mechanics influence knee function under load with this short online course.