The objective of this study was to examine the effects of cervical stabilization exercises on the electromyographic activity of the shoulder stabilizers in normal adults. 20 normal adults were separated into an experimental group (EG, n=10) that performed cervical stabilization exercises and shoulder stabilization exercises and a control group (CG, n=10) that performed shoulder stabilization exercises. The EG and CG performed their exercises three times per week for four weeks. The cervical stabilization exercises consisted of Craniocervical flexion exercises (CCFEs) that were performed using pressure biofeedback units (PBUs). The shoulder stabilization exercises consisted of scapula-setting exercises, wall stretching, and external rotation exercises. To examine the electromyographic activity of the upper trapezius (UT) muscle, lower trapezius (LT) muscle, and serratus anterior (SA) muscle, the electromyograms for these muscles were compared and analyzed. In comparisons within the groups, the EG showed statistically significant differences in the UT, the LT and the SA. The CG showed no significant differences.
The study found that cervical stabilization exercises and shoulder stabilization exercises are thought to be an effective intervention for the electromyographic activity of the shoulder stabilizers, the UT, LT, and SA.