The objective of this study was to gather and analyse relevant literature on spinal manipulative therapy for low back pain through systematic review to present a balanced and impartial summary of the findings. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the efficacy of spinal manipulative therapy in patients with low back pain. Sixteen articles were retrieved. Standardised inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to select articles relevant to the review question. Seven studies were excluded and nine studies were included. In the next step, the methodological quality of the included studies was assessed with the PEDro scale, which rated the studies from 0 to 10. Methodological quality scores ranged from 4 to 8 out of a possible 10. Spinal manipulative therapy can be preferred for short-term relief of low back pain when compared with general exercise and dynamic strengthening exercises, which is revealed by a high quality study, moderate quality studies and a low quality study. Spinal manipulative therapy combined with exercise is more effective than exercise alone, which is revealed by a high quality study.
There is evidence that spinal manipulative therapy combined with exercise is more effective than other procedures like spinal manipulative therapy, exercise or physician consultation alone.