There is good evidence in the literature supporting physiotherapy in the management of certain types of headache. Dry needling of myofascial trigger points is an approach being employed with increasing frequency despite a paucity of research evidence supporting its use. The purpose of this review was to determine the evidence supporting the use of dry needling in addition to conventional physiotherapy in the management of tension-type and cervicogenic headache. Ten databases were searched for evidence of the effect of dry needling on the severity and frequency of tension and cervicogenic headache based ICHD classifications. Three relevant studies were found and all three showed statistically significant improvements following dry needling, but no significant differences between groups. Only one study reported on headache frequency or intensity, reporting a 45 mm improvement in VAS score after the addition of dry needling to conventional physiotherapy. Two studies exhibited significant improvements with dry needling over 4-5 weeks of treatment. No adverse events were reported.
The literature indicates that while there is insufficient evidence to strongly advocate for the use of dry needling, it may be a useful addition to conventional physiotherapy in headache management. Further research with a stronger methodological design is needed.