Sixty-eight patients were clinically evaluated preoperatively, 3, 5, 7, 9 months, 1 and 2 years after ACL reconstruction, 34 with patellar tendon graft, 34 with hamstring graft. Outcome regarding graft choice and anterior knee laxity (P = 0.04) was in favour of patellar tendon graft. Hamstring graft led to a larger laxity, 2.4 mm compared with patellar tendon graft, 1.3 mm at 1 year and 2.5 mm and 1.5 mm, respectively, at 2 years (P = 0.05). There was a significant difference in rotational knee stability in favour of the patellar tendon graft at all test occasions but 9 months. A general effect regarding graft choice and muscle torque was found at 90 degrees/s for quadriceps (P = 0.03) and hamstrings (P < or = 0.0001) and at 230 degrees/s for hamstrings (P < or = 0.0001). No treatment effect regarding graft choice and one-leg hop test, postural sway or knee function was found. No group differences in anterior knee pain were found at any of the test occasions but 2 years in favour of hamstring graft compared to patellar tendon graft (P = 0.04). Patellar tendon graft resulted in higher activity level than hamstring graft at all test occasions but 1 year (P = 0.01).
Patellar tendon ACL reconstruction led to more stable knees with less anterior knee laxity and less rotational instability than hamstring ACL reconstruction. Hamstring graft patients had not reached preoperative level in hamstring torque even 2 years after ACL reconstruction. Athletes with patellar tendon graft returned to sports earlier and at a higher level than those with hamstring graft.
Heijne A, Werner S. A 2-year follow-up of rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction using patellar tendon or hamstring tendon grafts: a prospective randomised outcome study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2010 Jun;18(6):805-13