A model of movement dysfunction provides a classification system guiding diagnosis and therapeutic care in spinal pain and related musculoskeletal syndromes: A paradigm shift—Part 2

Josephine Key, Andrea Clift, Fiona Condie and Caroline Harley

An integrative functional model largely based upon the observation and analysis of the more common features of neuromusculoskeletal dysfunction encountered in clinical practice was presented as a working hypothesis in Part 1.  The functional inter relationships between these regional and general features and their contribution to the development and perpetuation of local and or referred spinal pain syndromes was explored. This article looks more closely at clinical patterns of presentation.  A simple classification system of clinical subgroups with back pain and related disorders is offered. These more commonly observed dysfunctional postural and movement strategies have been distilled into a number of dysfunction syndromes which will have predictable consequences.  In beginning to provide a map of the tendencies towards, or actual, changed postural and movement responses seen in people with spinal pain and related disorders, this model provides a valuable reference for those working in the body work and movement therapies realm. It is a practical and useful clinical tool to assist diagnosis and help better understand the development and perpetuation of most spinal pain and related disorders.

Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 4 June 2007,

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