During the last decade, there has been a growing body of literature suggesting that proximal factors may play a contributory role with respect to knee injuries. A review of the biomechanical and clinical studies in this area indicated that impaired muscular control of the hip, pelvis, and trunk can affect tibiofemoral and patellofemoral joint kinematics [...]
Competitive Female Runners With a History of Iliotibial Band Syndrome Demonstrate Atypical Hip and Knee Kinematics
ITBS is the second leading cause of knee pain in runners and the most common cause of lateral knee pain. Despite its prevalence, few biomechanical studies have been conducted to better understand its aetiology. Because the iliotibial band has both femoral and tibial attachments, it is possible that atypical hip and foot mechanics could result [...]
This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to determine the effect of age on lumbar range of motion (ROM). Ten electronic databases were searched to find studies matching predetermined inclusion criteria. Methodological quality was assessed with a quality assessment tool for quantitative studies. Evidence for effect of age on ROM in all planes was investigated [...]
Foot orthoses and physiotherapy in the treatment of patellofemoral pain syndrome: randomised clinical trial.
Collins N, Crossley K, Beller E, Darnell R, McPoil T, Vicenzino B The objective of this study ws to compare the clinical efficacy of foot orthoses in the management of patellofemoral pain syndrome with flat inserts or physiotherapy, and to investigate the effectiveness of foot orthoses plus physiotherapy. 179 participants with a clinical diagnosis of [...]
Patellofemoral compressive force and stress during the forward and side lunges with and without a stride.
Escamilla RF, Zheng N, Macleod TD, Edwards WB, Hreljac A, Fleisig GS, Wilk KE, Moorman CT, Imamura R The aim of this study was to measure patellofemoral compressive force and stress during weight bearing lunge exercises that are frequently employed during patellofemoral rehabilitation. Patellofemoral force and stress progressively decreased as knee flexion increased and progressively [...]
Lower Extremity Jumping Mechanics of Female Athletes With and Without Patellofemoral Pain Before and After Exertion.
Willson JD, Binder-Macleod S, Davis IS The purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences in lower extremity mechanics during single-legged jumps between female athletes with and without patellofemoral pain after exertion. Twenty women with patellofemoral pain and 20 healthy female controls participated in a functional lower extremity exertion protocol of repetitive single-legged jumps. [...]
Differences in Standing and Forward Bending in Women With Chronic Low Back or Pelvic Girdle Pain: Indications for Physical Compensation Strategies.
van Wingerden, Jan-Paul; Vleeming, Andry; Ronchetti, Inge The objective of this study was to determine whether subcategories of back pain patients could be distinguished by motion characteristics of the pelvis and lumbar spine. It compares motion characteristics during forward bending of a group of chronic female patients either with low back pain (LBP) or pelvic [...]
Influence of elbow flexion angle on mobilization of the proximal radio-ulnar joint: A motion analysis using cadaver specimens
Sadanori Ohshiro, Egi Hidaka, Shigenori Miyamoto, Mitsuhiro Aoki, Toshihiko Yamashita and Haruyuki Tatsumi The purpose of this study was to determine the most effective elbow joint flexion angle for mobilization of the proximal radio-ulnar joint. Five fresh-frozen cadaveric elbows were used to measure displacement of the radial head in the antero-medial and postero-lateral directions by [...]
Relative contributions of the infraspinatus and deltoid during external rotation in patients with symptomatic subacromial impingement
Elizabeth F.Clisby, Natalie L. Bitter, Michael J. Sandow, Mark A. Jones, Mary E. Magarey and Shapour Jaberzadeh A principal cause of subacromial impingement (SAI) is failure of the rotator cuff to center the humeral head in the glenoid during shoulder motion, counteracting the effect of the deltoid. As rehabilitation of the rotator cuff endeavors to [...]
Jack Crosbie, Sharon L. Kilbreath, Luise Hollmann and Sarah York The purpose of this study was to investigate the coordination of humeral, scapular and thoracolumbar spine motions during a number of unilateral and bilateral upper limb movements in a range of movement conditions. The study found that humeral, scapular and thoracic segments demonstrate consistent, synchronous [...]